National Monuments in Kenya


Discover 195 National Monuments in Kenya

National Monuments in Kenya

About National Monuments in Kenya

A National Monument, as defined by the Constitution, is a place or immovable structure of any age which, being of historical, cultural, scientific, architectural, technological or other human interest, or, a rock-painting, carving or primitive inscription made on an immovable object (s); or an ancient earthwork or other immovable object attributable to human activity; or a structure which is of public interest by reason of the historic, architectural, traditional, artistic or archaeological interest attached to it; or a shipwreck more than fifty years old, and such adjoining land as may be required for maintenance thereof. Kenya’s National Monuments are diverse, currently numbering almost 200 and include buildings, cemeteries, cultural groves, landscapes and archaeological locations.  Each of the National Monuments holds and perpetuates a unique story.  In the same light, a lot of effort is taken to preserve these sites in their original state so that future generations can understand the story of these places. In many ways the 195′ National Monuments are a physical calendar of Kenya’s unique history.


Come Live The Magic – Magical Kenya

Value of National Monuments in Kenya

National Monuments and Museums alike tell the story of humanity through the ages and are an important part of the preservation movement. Monuments are “open museums” which preserve and protect fundamental resources, cultural heritage, history, and ecology. The long standing history of the coast region of Kenya is enthralling and enchanting.  Long before the arrival of the Portuguese, the coastal region had a long history of trade.  The history of the coast region post the Portuguese Era is marked by impressive historic monuments which although ecclesiastical constitute only a small proportion of the ancient ruins and National Monuments along the coast.  Further inland, and much later in the history of Kenya, battlefields, Churches, hideout caves hold an intriguing history of Kenya’s history. Kenya also has significant archaeological assets and is a long standing leader in Africa in the discovery of fascinating sites in the pre-history of man.  Although little-known, the varied archaeological sites in Kenya hold essential information on human evolution and are a surpassing patrimony.


Mombasa County

1. Bwana Tamu

2. Kisauni Bell Tower

3. Mbaraki Pillar

4. Old Law Courts

5. Old Town Mombasa

6. Mama Ngina Drive

7. Leven House

8. Mombasa Golf Club

9. Trumpet Metal

10. Trumpet Ivory

11. Old Watch Towers

12. Jumaa Mosque

13. Luziwa

14. Riadha Uwani

15. Bwana Shali Patani

16. Pillar Tomb

17. Fort Jesus

18. Sante de Tanna Shipwreck

19. Ras Mtandanda Mosque

20. Castle Hotel

21. Holy Ghost Cathedral

22. St. Emmanuel Church

23. Babu Motors

24. Kilindini House

25. Ivory House

26. Issar Thawar House

27. Mombasa Dispensary

28. Central Police Station

29. District Officer’s Office

30. Anglican Cathedral

31. Mackinnon Market

32. Alidina Visram School

33. Gridlay’s Bank

34. National Bank, Mombasa

35. Shekh Mwinyime House

Homabay County

36. Kanam Prehistoric Site

37. Kanjera Prehistoric Site

38. Tom Mboya Mausoleum

39. Government House – Sori

40. SDA Church – Rapedhi

Bungoma County

41. Chetambe’s Fort

42. Muhanda Fort

Nakuru County

43. Lord Egerton’s Castle

44. Hyrax Hill Museum

45. Kariandusi Museum

46. The Kilombe Site

47. Lanet Prehistoric Site

Muranga County

48. Fort Tenan

49. Kericho Wagon Ltd

Kakamega County

50. Muliro Gardens

Kilifi County

51. Takwa Milinga Ruins

52. District Officer’s Office

53. Kaya Fungo

54. Kaya Kauma

55. Kaya Chivara

56. Mnarani Ruins

57. Mtwapa

58. Mambrui

59. Takaungu South

60. Da Gama Pillar

61. Kilepwa Island

62. Jamadra Mosque

63. Sheikh Said

64. Sheikh Othman

65. Takaungu North

66. Jumaa Mtwapa

67. Mgangani

68. Gedi Ruins

69. Bedida Sacred Grove

70. Kaya Mudzi Muvya

71. Kaya Lunguma

72. Muyu wa Kae

73. Kaya Fimboni

74. Kaya Mzizima

75. Ronald Ngala’s Site

Kwale County

76. Kongo Mosque

77. Diani Ruins

78. Kaya Diani

79. Kaya Muhaka

80. Kaya Galu

81. Kaya Kinondo

82. Chale Island Grove

83. Shimoni Caves

84. Kaya Bogowa

85. Kaya Gandini

86. Kaya Mtai

87. Dugumura Hill Grove

88. Kaya Kwale

89. Kaya Dzombo

90. Mrima Hill Grove

91. Kaya Ukunda

92. Shirazi

93. Tumbe

94. Tiwi

95. Kaya Mtswakara

Kajiado County

96. Selengai Stone

97. Selengai Wells

98. Olorgesailie Site

Muranga County

99. Mukurwe wa Nyagathanga

100. Fort Hall

Taita Taveta County

101. St. Marks ACK Church, Sagala

Lamu County

102. Pate Ruins

103. Brooks Quarry Site

104. Bwana Bakari Mosque

105. Ishakani I

106. Ishakani II

107. Ishakani III

108. Shanga

109. Omwe

110. Kiunga

111. Lamu Fort

112. Lamu Town

113. Manda Ruins

114. Mambore

115. Siyu Fort

116. Jamia ya Siyu

117. Lango la Shee of Siyu

118. Mwana

119. Lamu Catchment Area

120. Lamu Veterinary Office

Nairobi County

121. Nairobi School

122. Khoja Mosque

123. Old Mutual Building

124. Standard Chartered House

125. Pan Africa House

126. Royalty House

127. Imperial Chambers

128. British East African House

129. Bull Cafe

130. Prembro House

131. Pansoms House

132. Surat Association Building

133. Rahimtulla Trust Library

134. Bohra Mosque

135. 10 Year Nyayo Era

136. City Hall

137. Peace Pole

138. Global Forest

139. Jomo Kenyatta Mausoleum

140. Silver Jubilee Monument

141. Peace, Love & Unity Monument

142. The Judiciary Building

143. The National Monument

144. The Tetrahedron

145. Institute of African Studies

146. City Park

Kiambu County

147. AIC Church Kijabe

148. Italian Church

Samburu County

149. Kenyatta House – Maralal

Marsabit County

150. Sibiloi National Park

151. Railways Museum

152. Jeevanjee Gardens

153. Carlton Fenzi Memorial

154. War Memorial Statue

Nyeri County

155. Mau Mau Caves

156. African Retailers Traders

157. District Commissioner’s Office

158. Old Clock Tower

159. Nyeri Court

160. Ruringu Police Station

161. Ruringu Old African Court

162. Baden Powell Gravesite

163. Paxtu House

164. St. Peter’s Church

165. St. Curthbert Church

166. Mathari Mission Hospital

167. Italian Memorial Church

168. Italian Servant’s Monument

169. Queen Elizabeth Monument

170. Dedan Kimathi’s Trench

171. Mau Mau Fig Tree

172. Karima Hill

173. Burguret Mau Mau Shelter

174. Narumoru Mau Mau Caves

175. Nyeri Provincial Police

176. Nyeri Club

177. White Rhino Hotel

178. Tumu Tumu Church

179. Mau Mau Mass Grave

Kisumu County

180. Chemogoch Site

181. Songhor Site

182. Muguruk Site

183. District Commissioner’s Office

184. Brandman’s House

185. Provincial Commissioner’s Hse

Meru County

186. Thai Lake

187. Bututia Sacred Lake

188. Gituune Sacred Forest

Tana River County

189. Kwa Manawili Saba

190. The Shaka Ruins

191. Kwa Ungwana wa Mashaa

Migori County

192. Thimlich Ohinga

193. Macalder Mines

Nandi County

194. Kapurtay Prehistoric Site

Siaya County

195. Oginga Odinga Mausoleum


National Monuments in Kenya
Naiorbi Railway Museum

Conserving the Heritage

The stories of Kenya’s diverse people and places are everywhere. These stories are found across the landscape of the nation, set in more than 300 historical destinations, national monuments and national museums.  Gifts from our past to the future generations.  In every county can be found historic destinations where our rich history has been preserved; from the coastal towns, through the gash of the Rift Valley, up the mountain ranges, across the semi-arid dry plains to the north-west. The Sibiloi National Park, which is famous throughout the world for its wildlife, also contains Koobi Foora, the most significant of several site in Kenya at which the remains of pre-historic man have been unearthed to provide links in the chain of human evolution. “As scientists, historians and archaeologists continue to uncover, study and promote access to tangible and intangible cultural heritage, there are ever increasing challenges that pervade these conservation efforts. Heritage conservation is threatened as the world globalizes and African economies open up to new frontiers of growth in the international markets while increased building construction, infrastructural expansion as well as terrorism tearing down existing heritage assets. Kenya in particular prides itself as a prodigious habitat for abundant and various natural and cultural heritage assets including archaeological sites, wildlife, landscapes and folklores. However, the different forms cultural and natural heritage take and the complexity of the conservation hitches are not congealed; in its place their constant and respective evolution requires continuous regeneration of competence, technology and value systems. Conservators must therefore seek to expand existing principles and practices in the management of cultural and natural heritage, including the assessment of values attributed to the heritage, questions of reversibility and replica as well as accessibility and security issues”.


Fort Jesus Musuem in Mombasa. Published by Miss Elmeralda

Fort Jesus Unesco World Heritage Site

Fort Jesus was inscribes as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2011, as one of the most outstanding and well preserved examples of 16th Century Portuguese military fortification and a landmark in the history of this type of construction. During the 16th Century the Swahili towns remained generally independent of Portugal’s control and under the government of their traditional Shirazi ruling families. However, due to Portugal’s disruptive commercial policy, the 16th Century was a period of decline. During the second half of the century a new oceanic power, Turkey, made two brief appearances on the Swahili Coast and succeeded in inciting local revolts against the Portuguese. After defeating the Turks, the Portuguese decided to consolidate their power in East Africa by keeping a permanent garrison in order to ensure continued control on their dominions. The construction of Fort Jesus of Mombasa began in 1593 to the designs of Jao Batista Cairato, an Italian architect in the employ of Portugal in India. It is a heavily fortified building with elaborate outworks, moats and salients to counter the effectiveness and accuracy of the new projectiles. The salients were so arranged that any bastion could come to the aid of the other by means of crossfire. Its plan consists of a central court, with bastions at corners. Gunports and turrets were placed to control entering ships, and the main street.