The Long and Short Story of Africa
The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles. Freeman and slave, patrician and plebeian, lord and serf, guildmaster and journeyman, in a word, oppressor and oppressed, stood in constant opposition to one another, carried on an uninterrupted, now hidden, now open fight, that each time ended, either in the revolutionary reconstitution of society at large, or in the common ruin of the contending classes.” – The Communist Manifesto.
The 300’s – 1800
In the period before 1600, the the most important relations in Africa were trade – dating back to Trans Saharan Trade, Indian Ocean Trade and later the Trans-Atlantic Trade. They led to the development of towns, some of which grew to large famed cities.
The 1400 – 1700’s
Portugal might be thought to have entered upon a path of lasting economic and political expansion. However, Portugal’s backward and sluggish socio-economic structure prevented this from happening as planned.
The 1870 – 1900’s
The process which came simply to dubbed as the Scramble for Africa, with the seven nations of Europe seeking new frontiers for trade and settlements had far-reaching effects on Africa in its entirety. By 1914, the whole of Africa was under ‘colonial rule’.
Kenya before 1900
Portugal determined to make the best of their prior discoveries and aware of the strategic position of East Africa sought to control the Coast of East Africa before other nations of Europe who had duly challenged them in West Africa.
The Coast of Kenya
A Guide to Historic Sites along the Coast Region of Kenya gives comprehensive information on 45 (+) historic sites, from Vanga Ruins (in the south) northerly heading along the coastline to Ishakani Ruins (in the north).
British Colonial Rule
The British first arrived in Kenya in the early 1600’s to challenge Portugal’s dominance of the East Africa trade. In the second half of the 19th Century, their objectives changed suddenly, as the nations of Europe set-about the scramble and later colonization of Africa.